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Elia Kazan
James Dean, Julie Harris, Raymond Massey, Burl Ives, Richard Davalos, Jo Van Fleet, Albert Dekker, Lois Smith
Writing Credits:
Paul Osborn, John Steinbeck (novel)

The searing classic of paradise lost.

Based on John Steinbeck's novel and directed by Elia Kazan, East of Eden is the first of three major films that make up James Dean's movie legacy.

The 24-year-old idol-to-be plays Cal, a wayward Salinas Valley youth who vies for the affection of his hardened father (Raymond Massey) with his favored brother Aron (Richard Davalos). Playing off the haunting sensitivity of Julie Harris, Dean's performance earned one of the film's four Academy Award nominations.* Among the movie's stellar performances, Jo Van Fleet won the Oscar as Best Supporting Actress.

Rated PG

Widescreen 2.55:1/16x9
English Dolby Digital 5.1
French Monaural

Runtime: 118 min.
Price: $26.99
Release Date: 5/31/2005

Disc One
• Audio Commentary With Film Critic Richard Schickel
• Trailer
Disc Two
• ďEast of Eden: Art In Search of LifeĒ Documentary
• ďForever James DeanĒ Vintage Documentary
• Additional Scenes
• Screen Tests
• Wardrobe, Costume and Production Design Tests
• 3/19/1955 New York Premiere Footage


Sony 36" WEGA KV-36FS12 Monitor; Sony DA333ES Processor/Receiver; Panasonic CV-50 DVD Player using component outputs; Michael Green Revolution Cinema 6i Speakers (all five); Sony SA-WM40 Subwoofer.


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East Of Eden: Special Edition (1955)

Reviewed by Colin Jacobson (June 30, 2005)

The first of James Deanís three films, 1955ís East of Eden adapts the John Steinbeck novel. It starts with some geographical information as it informs us that ďin northern California, the Santa Lucia Mountains, dark and brooding, stand like a wall between the peaceful agricultural town of Salinas and the rough and tumble fishing port of Monterey 15 miles away.Ē Set in 1917, the film uses those locations to introduce us oddball Salinas teen Cal Trask (Dean) as he stalks Monterey brothel owner Kate (Jo Van Fleet). He declares his hatred for Kate and then flees on a train back to Salinas.

Soon we meet Calís brother Aron (Richard Davalos), his girlfriend Abra (Julie Harris) and their stern father Adam (Raymond Massey). We quickly figure out that Aronís the good son while Calís a distant loner whose father disapproves of him and his odd behavior. Aron feels amused by Calís weird antics, but the kid creeps out Abra.

Soon we get a hint at the cause of Calís current misbehavior. Adam always told the kids that their mother died, but Cal finds reason to believe differently and he grills his dad about this. Adam admits that he lied but denies any knowledge of her whereabouts as he talks about how sheís full of ďhateĒ.

With that Cal runs and heads back to Kateís brothel. He slips in and meets barmaid Anne (Lois Smith) who he asks about Kate. Reluctantly she helps him get into Kateís office where he goes to confirm his belief that sheís his mother. She reacts negatively and gets the kid bounced immediately.

Sam the local sheriff (Burl Ives) brings in Cal and also lets him know a little about his mother. Cal suspects Adam did something to hurt her and drive her away, but Sam denies this and believes Calís dad is too good a man to have done anything. This seems to inspire Cal to change his ways, as he starts to work harder to please his dad and not act like such a weirdo.

This bonding makes a big difference to Cal, and when Adamís food refrigeration experiment fails, the boy tries to do what he can to earn back the money his dad lost. This means he requires $5000 to invest, he tries to strike up a relationship with Kate. She now knows his identity, and she reluctantly agrees to loan him the money.

Soon the US enters World War I, an event that should bring a monetary bonanza to Cal through his bean investment. That makes Cal happy to see war, but Aron doesnít believe in Americaís involvement and views the conflict negatively. Because of that, he seems to slip away from Abra, who worries that sheíll lose him. Clearly Cal longs to be with Abra and she reciprocates to a degree, a factor that complicates matters. Things get worse when Aron becomes jealous and fights with Cal. The rest of the film follows that storyline as well as the ways the boys compete for their fatherís approval.

50 years after his death, James Dean remains a pop culture icon, and East of Eden reminds us why. During his brief time in movies, he perfectly captured a sense of awkward cool. Actually, in many ways, Dean made for an unlikely teen idol sort simply because he displayed such a flawed personality. He wasnít suave or sophisticated. Not only did his rough edges show, but he accentuated them and made the flaws a prominent part of his characters.

As Cal, Dean presents an unusual mumbly, stammering, navel-gazing style. He borders on becoming too mannered and self-conscious but manages to stay honest instead. Cal may not be quite as iconic as Deanís portrayal of Jim Stark in Rebel Without a Cause, but heís an effective and compelling presence here.

Eden creates a mostly intriguing character drama, but not one without its flaws. Happily, it doesnít play up the mystery of Kateís identity for too long. It touches on this area just enough to lure us in but then it drops the boom and focuses on the various dynamics and relationships to keep our interest. This is a good approach since itís obvious pretty quickly that Kate is Calís mom. Attempts to prolong the suspense would feel contrived and tedious. Most of Eden unravels slowly; it doesnít tip its hand too quickly but also doesnít keep us annoyingly in the dark.

One weakness comes from the various character arcs. The personalities seen in the first act differ greatly by the movieís conclusion, and it doesnít handle those transitions terribly well. Cal changes his sullen ways awfully quickly, and that turn prompts former golden boy Aron to become morose and vengeful. I accept these alterations to a degree, though Iím not sure I believe that decades of behavior would change quite so abruptly. The problem is the rapidity with which this occurs; the two boys flop personalities without much time involved.

Actually, the main supporting characters change radically as well. Though Cal initially gives her the creeps, Abra warms up to him in the blink of an eye, and Adam also goes from stern to jolly without much prompting. Again, I can accept character growth, but the rapidity with which this occurs in the movie seems tough to believe.

I guess thatís what comes with the territory when you adapt a 600-page book. You lose the ability to develop smooth characterizations. Actually, although I never read Eden, I found that the movie dropped a lot more than that. Apparently the book initially focuses on the story of Adam as a young man, whereas the movie totally skips all of that. I wonít criticize the flick for that, as itíd have to run four hours to cover all that material - and itíd still probably seem too rushed.

As Eden starts to concentrate more on the Cal/Aron/Abra love triangle, it loses track of the others too much. Adam and Kate turn into little more than plot devices, and the story occasionally loses focus. Some of this relates to the issues with the characters and their changes, as the variations make it tougher to keep things on track.

Geez - all of these comments make it sound like I didnít care for East of Eden. Thatís not the case. The movie remains consistently entertaining, and the strong performances - especially from Dean - help make it a good piece of work. I find some fault with its storytelling and characterizations, but overall, the film comes across as involving and compelling.

The DVD Grades: Picture B+/ Audio B/ Bonus B

East of Eden appears in an aspect ratio of approximately 2.55:1 on this single-sided, double-layered DVD; the image has been enhanced for 16X9 televisions. Sporadic concerns appeared, but these failed to make much of a dent in a generally strong transfer.

Sharpness usually looked solid. Some light edge enhancement cropped up at times, and that made the image a little fuzzy in a few wider shots. Otherwise, the flick presented a nicely distinctive and detailed picture. No issues with jagged edges or shimmering occurred, and the flick came with virtually no print flaws. Matters stayed remarkably clean, as I noticed nary a speck or mark.

Eden came with a slightly yellowed palette. I wasnít sure how much of this resulted from production design and how much came from the film stock, though I got the feeling both factors contributed. This tone fit the California setting and didnít restrict the colors heavily. When necessary, the hues were acceptably rich and bright. Blacks came across as nicely deep and rich, while low-light shots demonstrated very good clarity and definition. The edge enhancement and the muted colors knocked down my grade to a ďB+Ē, but I considered this to be a very positive transfer nonetheless.

The Dolby Digital 5.1 soundtrack of East of Eden also provided highs and lows. The soundfield fell into the ďhighsĒ category as it offered a surprisingly broad experience. A great deal of localized speech occurred, and the score presented nice stereo delineation. Effects werenít a major factor in the proceedings, but they also popped up in the appropriate spots. The whole thing could be somewhat ďspeaker specificĒ at times, but given the fact that the vast majority of movies from the era only featured monaural audio, I didnít take this as a negative.

Surround usage remained minor. Music demonstrated some light reinforcement, and occasional effects material popped up as well. Nothing too exciting occurred, but the rears fleshed out things decently. Again, the track was definitely stronger than usual for a flick from 1954.

With all those positives, why did Eden end up with a ďBĒ for sound? Because the quality wasnít up to snuff. Actually, some parts of it were pretty good. The score often sounded moderately robust, though highs turned a little rough at times.

High end was clearly the weakest side of things, and that mainly manifested itself through speech. The lines had a serious brittle tone that showed more edge and hiss than Iíd expect. Intelligibility was acceptable but could be a bit difficult on occasion. Effects demonstrated some of the same issues. Highs were too prominent and tinny. Lows showed minor distinctiveness but the track only occasionally demonstrated good range. Given the movieís age, I didnít think the quality was terrible, but the audio lacked the definition to overcome these weaknesses and match up with the relatively impressive soundfield.

This two-disc version of East of Eden includes a good set of extras. In addition to the movieís trailer, DVD One presents an audio commentary with film critic Richard Schickel. Because of his record, I greet Schickel commentaries with trepidation; heís created an awful lot of mediocre tracks. A sense of dťjŗ vu greeted me as I listened to another Schickel discussion that only occasionally became involving.

Schickel gets into notes about the cast, crew and their backgrounds, Kazanís methods, Deanís acting style, using the Cinemascope frame, and his interpretation, analysis and criticism of the film. Those latter elements strongly dominated the piece. Schickel tossed out occasional notes about the production and its participants, but he usually stayed with his critique.

As with Schickelís prior commentaries, he occasionally tossed out insightful tidbits, but not with great frequency. Instead, Schickel often just mentioned obvious elements or narrated the movie. A few of his remarks were thought provoking, but not many of them. Quite a lot of dead air marred the discussion and it became pretty tedious. Honestly, Warner needs to lose Schickelís phone number, as he never offers commentaries that are truly worth the effort.

Heading to DVD Two, we open with a documentary called East of Eden: Art In Search of Life. This 19-minute and 25-second program combines the usual array of archival materials, movie clips, and interviews with Schickel, San Jose State Universityís Center for Steinbeck Studies director Susan Schillinglaw, Steinbeckís son Tom, director Elia Kazan, James Deanís friend William Bast, and actors Julie Harris and Lonny Chapman. ďArtĒ covers Steinbeckís novel and its elements, the way Steinbeck put his personal life into his work, the characters, Kazanís personal take on the material and the adaptation of the book, the relationship between Kazan and Steinbeck, casting, work and conflicts on the set, observations about James Dean, Kazanís methods, and various legacies.

Tight and informative, ďArtĒ goes through the appropriate topics well. I like the progression from novel to film, and the program picks up on much of what we want to know. Some of this repeats from Schickelís commentary, but most of itís new to us. Thereís a lot of insight and useful information in this crisp featurette.

Referred to as a ďvintage documentaryĒ, Forever James Dean fills 59 minutes and 40 seconds. Created in 1988, it includes comments from Bast, Harris, boyhood friends Bob Roth, Rex Bright, and Bob Pulley, writer/producer Frank Worth, actors Jack Grinnage, Corey Allen, Frank Mazzola, and Beverly Long, former actress Steffi Sidney, automotive designer George Barris, teacher Adeline Nall, and artist Kenneth Kendall. The show looks at Deanís death and the reactions it inspired before it goes back to the actorís youth. We hear about the era in which Dean was born as we go through the important events of his childhood and general interests of that period. Then we see Deanís move to Hollywood, his attempts to become an actor, and related events. We follow Deanís failed attempts to land many jobs in LA before we watch him head to New York and try his luck there. This leads to his breakthrough role in Eden, its shoot, and Deanís subsequent work in Rebel Without a Cause and Giant. We also learn of Deanís romances and other personal concerns until we get back to his death in 1955.

Some aspects of ďForeverĒ havenít aged well over the last 17 years; for instance, the awful song ďAmerican RebelĒ starts the show on a cheesy tone, and a montage in which it features midway works in a similarly poor way. Despite those, the whole product fares well, largely due to all the personal memories. It offers a good basic biography but only excels when we get into the details. Those make ďForeverĒ insightful and introspective.

The Deleted Scenes area lasts 19 minutes and 11 seconds. It presents a conversation between Cal and Aron about their fatherís feelings and more of the birthday party for Adam. We get multiple takes of the various shots, so donít expect a full slate of new material. Nothing revealing appears in the party scenes, but the chat between Cal and Aron works well. It fleshes out Calís character change and might have been a useful addition to the film.

Next we get six minutes and 18 seconds of Screen Tests as well as 22 minutes and 14 seconds of Wardrobe, Costume and Production Design Tests. The former shows tests between Dean and Davalos as they perform the discussion between Cal and Aron that we already saw as a deleted scene. Itís a decent tidbit, though itís too bad we donít see some of the other existing screen tests as well.

All of the ďWardrobeĒ section presents silent footage as we watch Davalos, Dean, Harris, Lois Smith and Jo Van Fleet try out different looks. This also acts as a vaguely cool archival bit, though it doesnít exactly make for scintillating viewing.

The DVD finishes with some 3/19/1955 New York Premiere Footage. This segment goes for 14 minutes and 40 seconds as it mostly focuses on the activities in front of the theater. Host Martin Block chats with the following notables as they enter: Margaret Truman, Milton Berle, John Steinbeck, Elia Kazan, Raymond Massey, Eva Marie Saint, Red Buttons, Jack Warner, Denise Darcell, Imogene Coca, Carol Channing, and Joel Grey. Of course, virtually nothing of substance occurs, but itís a fun piece to watch. I particularly like Steinbeckís very uncomfortable conversation; the author doesnít look happy to be there.

East of Eden would remain interesting simply for its historical value. Happily, despite its flaws, it offers a frequently compelling tale with a mix of positives highlighted by some strong performances. The DVD presents pretty positive picture and audio along with a good set of extras. A solid DVD for a quality flick, Eden earns my recommendation.

Viewer Film Ratings: 4.2352 Stars Number of Votes: 17
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